Taper Shank Twist Drill Sizes Chart according to ANSI B94.11M-1993 standard with inch and metric size taper shank drill bits.

Drill bits are tools to cut cylindrical holes on workpiece. Drill bits are generally used with drills to create a hole. The shank of the drill is holded by the chuck of a drilling machine.

Twist drill bits are generally produced from high speed steel (HSS), cobalt steel alloys and tungsten carbide. Coatings are applied to drill bits to extend the life of the bit. Black oxide, titanium nitride and titanium aluminum nitride are coatings which are generally applied to drill bits

Twist drills are rotary end-cutting tools having one or more cutting lips and one or more straight or helical flutes for the passage of chips and cutting fluids. Twist drills are made with straight or tapered shanks.

Taper Shank Twist Drill Sizes Chart:

Drill Bit Unit System
Shank Type
Drill Diameter (D)


Straight Shank Taper Length Twist Drills
Parameter Value
Selected Drill D --- ---
Equivalent diameter in inch --- in
Equivalent diameter in mm --- mm
Morse Taper No. --- --- ---
Flute Length F --- inch
--- mm
Overall Length L --- inch
--- mm


Drill bit: A cutting tool used in drilling machines to drill a hole.

Jobber length drill bit: Straight shank drills suitable for general purpose applications.The length of the flutes is between nine and fourteen times the diameter of the drill.

Screw machine length drill bit: Drill bit set with shorter flute length than the average Jobbers. It’s rigid and better for drilling harder materials. Due to short length, shallower holes are drilled.

Taper length drill bit: Taper length drills are general purpose drills with increased cutting length. Taper length drills have same flute length as taper shank drills.

Straight Shank Drills: Those having cylindrical shanks which may be the same or different diameter than the body of the drill. The shank may be with or without driving flats, tang, grooves, or threads.

Taper Shank Drills: Those having conical shanks suitable for direct fitting into tapered holes in machine spindles, driving sleeves, or sockets. Tapered shanks generally have a driving tang.


  • Oberg, E. , Jones ,F.D. , Horton H.L. , Ryffel H.H., (2016) . Machinery's Handbook . 30th edition.  Industrial Press Inc. pp 905 - 928
  • Oberg, E. , Jones ,F.D. , Horton H.L. , Ryffel H.H., (2012) . Machinery's Handbook . 29th edition.  Industrial Press Inc., pp 867 - 889
  • ANSI B94.11M-1993 - Twist Drills